Diabetic Eye Exam

Diabetic Eye Exam Specialist
At least 28% of all adults with diabetes develop diabetic retinopathy. Diabetes also significantly increases your risk for glaucoma and cataracts. Dr. Perry Mollick and Dr. Andrew Greenberg at Mollick Professional Center can see changes inside your eye before you have symptoms, so getting an annual diabetic eye exam is important for early diagnosis and treatment that prevents vision loss. Please call their office in Levittown, New York, or schedule an appointment online for a thorough diabetic eye exam.

Diabetic Eye Exam Q & A

Mollick Professional Center

What is diabetic retinopathy?

When blood sugar levels are high, they damage blood vessels in the retina, which causes diabetic retinopathy. There are two types of diabetic retinopathy.

Nonproliferative

This is the most common form of retinopathy. High blood sugar causes capillaries in your eyes to swell, break, and leak fluid. As the condition progresses, fluid leaks into the macula, which is the area of your retina responsible for sharp vision. Untreated macular edema ultimately causes vision loss.

Proliferative

Nonproliferative retinopathy progresses to proliferative retinopathy in some people. In this form, new blood vessels begin to grow in the retina. The new vessels are weak, so they leak blood, which blocks vision, and causes scar tissue. Scar tissue can distort the retina and cause retinal detachment.

What symptoms develop from diabetic retinopathy?

You may not have any symptoms in the early stages of diabetic retinopathy, but your eye doctor can see changes in blood vessels during a diabetic eye exam. As retinopathy worsens, you’ll begin to experience some or all of the following:

  • Blurry vision
  • Increasing number of floaters
  • Vision that changes from blurry to clear
  • Blind spots in your field of vision
  • Poor night vision
  • Colors appear faded
  • Loss of vision

What happens during a diabetic eye exam?

Your diabetic eye exam at Mollick Professional Center includes the same tests as a typical comprehensive eye exam, including visual acuity, a slit-lamp exam, and a test for intraocular pressure. A dilated eye exam is important for diagnosing retinopathy because it lets your doctor at Mollick Professional Center closely examine your retina and blood vessels inside your eyes.

While your eyes are dilated, you may also get a noninvasive imaging exam called optical coherence tomography. This advanced assessment uses light waves to take cross-section images of your retina, allowing your eye doctor to see changes in each distinct layer of the retina.

How is diabetic retinopathy treated?

The primary treatments for diabetic retinopathy include:

  • Photocoagulation: Laser treatment to seal blood vessels and stop them from growing or leaking
  • Vitrectomy: Surgery to remove scar tissues and fluid from inside the eye
  • Medications: Injected into the eye to slow the growth of new blood vessels and reduce leakage